What’s the Mango?
The mango is a delicious and sweet fruit that is grown in the tropical and subtropical regions including Mexico, Pakistan, Florida, India and etc. This juicy fruit ate to the raw and fresh and has special features including:
- Outer features: The mango has oval or round shape. Its outer skin (pericarp) is smooth, thin, and inedible and its unripe color is green but its ripe color is golden, yellow, crimson red, yellow or orange-red depending upon the cultivar type.
- Inner features: its flesh is juicy and its color orange-yellow. The mango has a single seed (stone) and almost great.
- Length and weighs: Each mango measure is about 5 to 15 cm in length and about 4 to 10 cm in width. Its weight ranges from 150 gm to around 750 gm.
- Flavor and taste: Mango fruit has unique flavor and its taste is aromatic, delicious with sweetness levels.
There are different statements about mango cultivation. Some of researchers say wild types of Mangos have been cultivated in India for more than 4000-6000 years. Beginning in the 16th century, mangos were gradually distributed around the world. Some other of them believe wild Mangoes have been cultivated in South Asia for thousands of years and reached East Asia between the fifth and fourth centuries BC. By the 10th century AD, cultivation had begun in East Africa. Cultivation came later to Brazil, the West Indies, and Mexico, where an appropriate climate allows its growth. The first view is popular and better known in other words wild mango grown in native regions of India.
India, it is known as king of fruits and is also the national fruit of India. In India, they believe that it was found by the sages who were traveling across the country. It is widely found in thick jungles and forests of India even today. Some biologists have explored fossils of mango trees that date back several thousand years. Some of the ancient paintings in temples of India depict the mango tree, the mango fruit and the leaves. Then Mango seeds have traveled with humans from Asia to the Middle East, South America and East Africa and around the world.
Now the mango is cultivated in most tropical and subtropical regions across the world.
Where is Mango Growing?
Mango is a wonderful fruit. Not only are they delicious, but they are also very easy to grow. The mango with the best quality usually grow and product in high heat, and can handle both humid/swampy and arid areas including India, Pakistan, Florida, Colombia, Mexico and etc.
How is Mango growing?
With a little time and patience, it is quite easy to grow a mango tree if we live in the tropical and subtropical regions because mango fruit grows well in regions with high heat, warm and direct sunlight. For this reason most mangoes are grown near the equator. The average temperatures should be of 80–100 °F (27–38 °C) so we should know mango tree can’t live and grow cold winter. Also rainfall for your area should not exceed 12 inches (30.5 cm) per annum. Mangoes can be grown in one of two ways: via the seed of a mango, or from a grafted sapling. Mango seeds typically take 8 years to produce fruit, but may not if they haven’t been grafted. Grafted saplings take 3-5 years to produce fruit, but are nearly guaranteed a good harvest. Then your soil gets ready. Mangoes grow in loose, sandy soil that drains water easily. Prevent to use chemical fertilizers or any product that contains salt, as these will prevent the growth of your mango tree. Mango trees should typically be planted in late spring or the beginning of summer when it is a combination of rainy/sunny weather.
Mango Harvesting Time
There are kinds hundreds of mangoes in round the world that all of them are difference in color, shape, and size from species to species; you can’t tell if the fruit is ripe until you cut it open. You can get a general sense depending on how soft and fragrant it is, but should use a knife to sample the fruit. When the meat is yellow through to the core, it is ready to eat. If it is still very white and hard, then wait 1-2 weeks before testing it again. However you can attend the below notes:
- The harvest season for mangoes ranges from the middle of the summer to the winter and the majority of mangoes will be ready for picking during the late summer and autumn.
- Most mangoes are ready to be picked after 100 to 150 days following the trees blooming.
- The interior flesh color is a better indicator. Fully ripened mangoes will have a yellow or orange interior.
- Ripe mango fruit aroma is the best way for us.
How to Storage Mango
Not Yet Ripe
If we need to pick our mango fruit early for different reasons including exports or coming cold weather and etc. We can ripen green mango by keeping in a paper bag in room temperature for a few days. Also we should know green or partially ripe mangoes should be kept at 50 degrees Fahrenheit.
When our mango is slightly softer or fully ripened we should keep it in the fridge. In this way we can keep it for 2–5 days but we should know the mangoes need to be stored at 55 degrees Fahrenheit because this fruit is easily spoiled.
Mango & Nutrients
The mango is one of the most popular and super fruits in between people (Mango fruit is referred as “The king of the fruits”.). Mango is a rich source of high nutrition, minerals (Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, man genus, Phosphorous, Potassium, selenium, sodium, zinc, copper), vitamins (A, B, C, E, K), protein, dietary fiber, antioxidants. So the mango can help and raise the immune system against diseases.
Fresh mango is a good source in calories. Mangoes are very few proteins, fats and calories. They are perfect to replenish salts, vitamins and energy after physical exercise. Mangoes are comprised of nearly 90 percent water and are a good source of vitamin and fiber.
Per 100 g of Mango fruit includes:
Minerals: Potassium – 156 mg, Calcium – 10 mg, Iron – 0.13 mg, Copper – 0.110 mg, Manganese – 0.027 mg, Magnesium – 9 mg , Zinc – 0.04 mg, Sodium- 2 mg.
Vitamin: Vitamin C – 27.7 mg, Vitamin A – 765 IU, Vitamin B9 (Folate) – 14 µg, Pantothenic acide – 0.160 mg, Vitamin B1 (Tiamina)- 0.058 mg, Niacina – 0.584 mg, vitamin-B6 (pyridoxine) – 0.134 mg Vitamin E – 1.12 mg, Vitamin K – 4.2 µg.
Principle: Calorie – 70 Kcal, Protein – 0.5 g, Carbohydrates – 17 g, Total Fat – 0.27 g, Dietary Fiber – 1.80 g, Cholesterol – 0 mg.
Therefore, the mango can help and raise the immune system against diseases.
Mango & Protections from Disease
The mango is rich and excellent source of high nutrients so it can be useful for our health and can also help or treat some diseases:
Copper: The mango is a rich source of Copper. Copper is a chemical element that has a lot of benefits for us including this nutrient is essential for healthy blood, bones and brains. Because copper is needed in the production of hemoglobin, a deficiency can cause symptoms similar to anemia, such as fatigue. Copper deficiency is often coupled with low iron levels, which can lead to osteoporosis, slowed growth, loss of hair pigmentation and problems metabolizing cholesterol. Also its high consumption can cause the problems for us including children who get too much copper in their diet might exhibit hyperactivity. The fruits and vegetables are the average sources for us.
Potassium: Mango fruit is a good source of potassium; Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids that helps controlling heart rate and blood pressure; it thus offers protection against stroke and coronary heart diseases. Potassium plays an important role in cellular potential. The action potential of cells controls the contractions and relaxation of cells like muscles. Potassium is also important for neuron activity. Potassium is also important for action balance in the fluid between cells. The amount of potassium in the body controls the absorption and balance of calcium.
Vitamin C: Mango is a good source of the vitamins and some vitamins are more of other fruit in it like vitamin C. Mango provides more vitamin C than an orange. Vitamin C is an antioxidant that can:
The body cells protection as the damaging effects of free radicals
Be important for the formation of collagen, cartilage, blood vessels, and muscles
Prevent conditions such as colon cancer, atherosclerosis, and diabetic heart disease.
Pantothenic acid: Few data exist on the Pantothenic acid content of foods. This vitamin has central role in metabolism. Mango has good level of this mineral in the between fruits and vegetables.
Vitamin B3 (Niacin): The mango is a good source of vitamin B3 (Niacin). This vitamin is an essential nutrient that must be provided in your diet. It has role in producing energy from dietary carbohydrates and is an essential vitamin required for processing fat in the body, lowering cholesterol levels, and regulating blood sugar levels. A deficiency of niacin leads to pellagra. Even a slight deficiency of niacin can lead to irritability, poor concentration, anxiety, fatigue, restlessness, apathy, and depression.
Calorie: Mango is one of the most nutrient-rich fruits. You get the best balance of nutrients per calorie (the most nutrients for the best calories) from mango. Mango’s low sugar and high fiber content means it will not create a strong insulin rush like other fruit with high sugar contents. So the body will not respond by storing fat.
Research shows utilize the bark, kernels, leaves, or roots mango fruit has too much benefits in food, cosmetic, and pharmaceutical products. We are mention some of them for you:
Help and treat most of the diseases: The mango is a popular fruit with excellent and delicious flavor in between people. This fruit is rich source of high nutrients, vitamins, minerals, antioxidants and etc. So this valuable fruit can be useful for our body immune system and can help and treat the most diseases including: cancer, Skin cleanser, control heart rate and blood pressure, regulates diabetes, eye care, helps in digestion, prevent heat stroke, strengthens your immune, high iron for women and etc. The mango-milk cure is an ideal treatment for loss of weight.
Cosmetic: Mango fruit is a valuable fruit. This fruit is a rich source of high nutrients so there are various products of this fruit in around the world. One of them is Cosmetic. Yes this is correct there are various cosmetics including cleansing gel, scrub, cream and etc. Mango fruit features deep exfoliation and cleansing properties and Its regularly consumption makes the complexion fair and the skin soft and shining.
Culinary uses: Mango fruit contents have high economic value. The flesh and juice of the mangoes are used in various foods, drinks, desserts (chutney, shake and ice cream, jam and jelly and etc.) in around the world. Even mango’s powder uses as a nutritive garnish in various consumptions.
Importer and distributor of the Mango
Ario Co is one of the main importers and distributors of fresh fruit with high quality in Iran country. Our company was founded in1985 and our main purpose is buying and importing products with high quality to be provided customers satisfaction. We are the main distributor of various products including Banana, Pineapple, and Mango for the Iran markets, wholesale markets, distributors, retailers and supermarket chains. Ario co works in close relationship with European or Asian growers and farmers from all over the world using sustainable farming standards, especially GLOBALGAP, BRC, HACCP and ISO. We have the reputation of being serious fresh fruit importer in Iran.
Our primary product range is wide and varied and we only import necessary produce demanded by the Iran market and customers. All areas of our business are subject to continual review ensuring that Ario co maintains its position as a trusted fresh fruit importer and supplier. Aligned with strict quality management, handling procedures and links with trusted logistical providers we are able to ensure that our products arrive at destination in the very best conditions. Our stated objective is to grow the market through quality products, innovation and grower education.