Apple fruit is the pomaceous fruit of the small deciduous apple tree and is known as the fruit that seduced Adam and Eve. This fruit can be found in various sizes, tastes and different colors such as red, green, yellow, and pink. Up to now, 7500 apple fruit types have been found, but the most popular apple types are Red Delicious, Golden Delicious, Gala, Fuji, and Granny Smith. The various apple fruit types vary in size from a little larger than the size of a cherry to a grapefruit size.Apples have a round shape and depending on the sort of cultivar the skin color may be different.
Apple fruit is admired by people around the world for its sweet and sour taste. As statistics shows, about 80 percent of people around the world use apple fruit in their daily diet. Apple fruits are also popular among people because of their health benefits. There are popular sayings about apple fruit which imply the health benefits of this delicious fruit. As an example the saying “an apple a day keeps the doctor away” is an English saying which refers to the apple fruit’s health benefits.
The apple treeis the most cultivated fruittree among other fruit trees. Applesbelong to the Rose category (Rosaceae) and are of the Malus Domestica species. It is interesting to know that between the various members of the genus Malus, apple fruit is the most known and used by humans. Apple fruit is consumed for cooking and fresh eating. Apple fruit is also used in cakes, pies, apple juice, ciders, purees, apple butter, vinegar, salads, and etc.
More than 8000 apple cultivars have been known today. These cultivars are different based on the maximum size of apple tree, harvest time, and their growth on the similar area. It is interesting that when you plant the seed of a special apple type, the apple tree that grows up may not have the characteristics of the apple tree to which the seed belonged. There may be some reasons for that: one reason could be successive cross breeding, and the other reason could be cross pollination between various apple trees done by bees.